Definitions

This page will attempt to list common terms and definitions in human readable, not “techie” form.

cPanel

cPanel is the users control panel. The control panel (cPanel) is used to manage functions that relate to your domain you are hosting on our servers. These include, but are not limited to.

  • Creating email accounts
  • Email Forwarders
  • Spamassassin Settings
  • Mailing List Settings
  • Simple File Manager
  • MySQL Database Controls
  • Domain Settings
  • Backups
  • Uploading and managing web pages
  • Installing web-based applications like blogs, shopping carts, and forums
  • Protecting a site’s content and bandwidth from abuse.
  • Generating and viewing statistics about visitors.
  • Reviewing error logs to locate broken links and other problems.

Terms often used in cPanel

  • Addon Domain: An additional domain name added to your hosting account that has its own unique document root or website files. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.
  • Parked Domain: An additional domain that does not have a unique document root or website files. This domain is redirected or pointed to another domain in your account or site. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.
  • Subdomain: A sudbdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain. test.yourdomain.com , test is the subdomain. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.
  • Email Forwarder: Used to forward a real or fake email address to another address. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.
  • Domain Redirect: Used to forward a domain using either 301 or 302 redirect from one domain to another. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.

DNS Terms

Definitions borrowed from wikipedia.com

  • A record: Most commonly used to map hostnames to an IP address of the host
  • CNAME: A CNAME record or Canonical Name record is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) that specifies that the domain name is an alias of another, canonical domain name. This helps when running multiple services (like an FTP and a webserver; each running on different ports) from a single IP address. Each service can then have its own entry in DNS (like ftp.example.com. and www.example.com.). Network administrators also use CNAMEs when running multiple HTTP servers on the same port, with different names, on the same physical host.
  • SPF: Sender Policy Framework (SPF), as defined in RFC 4408, is an e-mail validation system designed to prevent e-mail spam by tackling source address spoofing, a common vulnerability. SPF allows administrators to specify which hosts are allowed to send e-mail from a given domain by creating a specific SPF record (or TXT record) in the public Domain Name System (DNS). Mail exchangers then use the DNS to check that mail from a given domain is being sent by a host sanctioned by that domain’s administrators. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.
  • DomainKeys: DomainKeys is an e-mail authentication system designed to verify the DNS domain of an e-mail sender and the message integrity. The DomainKeys specification has adopted aspects of Identified Internet Mail to create an enhanced protocol called DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM). This merged specification became the basis for an IETF Working Group which guided the specification toward becoming an IETF standard. This can be done from inside of cPanel. See here for directions.